The Role of Criminal Law in Our Society

According to criminal law, when offenses are committed that are detrimental to the society, these are labelled as crimes. As far as common law jurisdiction, when crimes disturb the peace of the sovereign, a legal implication is involved. Offenders of peace of the sovereign will be prosecuted by the government officials who are the agents of the sovereign. Thus, the word plaintiff under criminal law is the sovereign or translated into the people. Here's a good post to read about criminal law, check this out! 

Criminal law has its major objectives as deterrence and punishment, while civil law is concentrated on individual compensation. There are two distinct elements in a criminal offence and these are the physical act or the actus reur or guilty act, and the requisite mental state of which the act is done or mens rea or guilty mind. As an example in a murder case, the actus reus is the unlawful killing of the person, while the mens rea is the intention or malice to kill or cause grave injury to the person. Under criminal law, defendents would detail their defences in order to lessen or negate their criminal responsibility, and it is this law also that will specify the punishment to be inflicted. Criminal will not require a victim or a victim's consent in order to prosecute the offender. Also, the consent of the victim cannot be a defence in most crimes, and note that even with the objections of the victim, a criminal prosecution can take place. To gather more awesome ideas on  gun rights, click here to get started. 

Both in the common and civil law traditions, there are two fields that the criminal law is divided. First is that the criminal procedure would regulate the process in order to address the violations of criminal law. Another field is the substantive criminal law that specifies the definition of and punishments for in the different crimes.

Civil wrongs such as tort or breach of contract as type of crimes are distinguished under criminal law. The criminal law therefore is a system that regulates the behaviour of individuals and groups in relation to societal norms as a whole, while civil law is directed primarily at the relationship between private individuals and their rights and obligations under the law. It was not until the late nineteenth century that the legal systems in the past underwent a definition between civil and criminal law. The English common criminal law of 1750 has become the basic course in criminal law in most U.S. law schools.

There are several types of criminal law and these are arrests and searches, drug crimes, juvenile law, drunk driving, parole, probation, pardons, violent crimes, white collar crimes and military law.


Be informed that the other name of criminal law is penal law, and it is the term used to refer many rule bodies with specific jurisdictions. You can click this link  http://www.ehow.com/legal/criminal-law/criminal-law-basics/  for more great tips!